Music therapy is an emerging intervention that may help stabilize the negative physiologic changes during exposure to stressors in the NICU. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to determine what evidence exists to support the use of music therapy in the NICU during stressful events (e.g., endotracheal suctioning). This use of music therapy is different from music used on a short-term or continuous basis in the NICU, this review only examined the use of music therapy as adjunctive to procedures with preterm infants.Music therapy in NICU