Articles and YouTube Videos

The papers are organized based on the following categories:

Title
Description
Title
Beat-keeping ability relates to reading readiness
Description
Children who are better able to synchronize to an acoustic beat have more faithful neural encoding of speech responses (higher stimulus-to-response correlations) in quiet and noise, and have higher phonological awareness scores—an early indicator of reading ability.   Beat_Keeping_Abil...
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Title
Feel the vibrations: The hearing-emotion connection
Description
Sound is air in motion. We all know that sound moves our hair cells, but sound moves us in other ways too. Hearing is coupled with feeling: In the brain, the auditory and emotional systems are interconnected by feedforward and feedback pathways, and reward-related neurotransmitters such as dopami...
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Title
New connections in music therapy and audiology
Description
In May 2018, Northwestern University hosted “Music Therapy at the Crossroads,” an interdisciplinary conference on the intersections between music therapy, medicine, society, and everyday life. The conference featured several pioneers in the field who have employed music therapy in multiple arenas...
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Title
How feedback synchronizes the auditory brain
Description
Making sense of sound is about a lot more than just hearing: The auditory brain is suffused with connections to the cognitive, language, reward, sensory, and motor systems. In fact, auditory-motor connections are arguably among the strongest in the brain. Speech production, for example, involves ...
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Title
Does autism affect auditory processing?
Description
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately one in 54 children has been identified as having autism spectrum disorder (ASD), compared with one out of 150 only 20 years ago. ASD defies generalization, but it can affect a constellation of social, communication, and be...
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Title
Unreliable auditory processing in autism
Description
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a diverse neurodevelopmental condition that typically manifests as challenges with social-pragmatic language, theory of mind, and emotional understanding. Its prevalence has increased dramatically over the past decades; it is now estimated that one in 68 children...
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Title
Training older adults to hear better
Description
There is a strong interest in audiology to develop means to improve hearing, especially for people with daily difficulties with speech understanding. Auditory training is one potential approach. It is relatively affordable and can be completed by patients on their home computers or tablets. A gro...
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Title
Timescales of auditory processing
Description
Acoustic signals simultaneously convey information across timescales. For example, within human speech there are slow sentences, steady syllables, and fast phonemes. Auditory brain activity indexes this temporal information and processes it at distinct rates. Measuring these responses allows us t...
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Title
Not-so-hidden hearing loss
Description
Discusses the phenomenon of “hidden hearing loss” (or cochlear neuropathy), which has captivated auditory scientists and provides an elegant hypothesis for the cause of age-related hearing difficulties.   Kraus_WhiteSchwoch_HJ_May2016
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Title
The effects of aging on auditory processing
Description
Older people whose hearing loss symptoms are not reflected in pure-tone or speech audiometry results may be experiencing increased difficulties stemming from central presbycusis. Counseling and management should take into account treatment options beyond providing audibility. We need to remember...
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Title
The auditory-cognitive system: To screen or not to screen
Description
We evaluated the role of the auditory–cognitive system in speech-in-noise perception in a group of older adults with hearing levels ranging from normal to moderate sensorineural hearing loss. In these 120 older adults (age 55 to 79), we used structural equation modeling to evaluate the strength o...
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Title
Music training: An antidote for aging?
Description
One of the most pervasive effects of aging is the reduction in processing speed, affecting sensory, cognitive, and motor systems. The effects of aging on temporal processing likely play a role in the older adult's difficulty understanding speech in challenging listening environments. So what opti...
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