For forty thousand years people across the world found ways to consciously vibrate a column of air within tubular shaped natural materials, the earliest known example so far being of animal bone. Though we know little about the sounds these Neolithic instruments made, we recognize their forms as flutes. Many indigenous cultures today still connect to their ancestral traditions with music from flutes made of wood, clay, shells and bamboo.
In Hawaii it is the sweet sound of the ‘ohe hano ihu (bamboo nose flute) that has survived from ancient times. Its history shines a light on the deep spirituality of the Hawaiian people and culture.