Dementia is a clinical syndrome with a number of diCerent causes which is characterised by deterioration in cognitive, behavioural, social
and emotional functions. Pharmacological interventions are available but have limited eCect to treat many of the syndrome’s features.
Less research has been directed towards non-pharmacological treatments. In this review, we examined the evidence for eCects of musicbased interventions.
To assess the eCects of music-based therapeutic interventions for people with dementia on emotional well-being including quality of life,
mood disturbance or negative aCect, behavioural problems, social behaviour and cognition at the end of therapy and four or more weeks
aLer the end of treatment.
Search methods
We searched ALOIS, the Specialized Register of the Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group (CDCIG) on 19 June 2017 using
the terms: music therapy, music, singing, sing, auditory stimulation. Additional searches were carried out on 19 June 2017 in the major
healthcare databases MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and LILACS; and in trial registers and grey literature sources.
Selection criteria
We included randomised controlled trials of music-based therapeutic interventions (at least five sessions) for people with dementia that
measured any of our outcomes of interest. Control groups either received usual care or other activities with or without music.
Data collection and analysis
Two review authors worked independently to screen the retrieved studies against the inclusion criteria and then to extract data and assess
methodological quality of the included studies. If necessary, we contacted trial authors to ask for additional data, including relevant
subscales, or for other missing information. We pooled data using random-eCects based interventions dementia